Government has become preoccupied with the "relevance" of science. Congressman George Brown, Chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, now leads the fight in the United States to "rethink" science policy to ensure that scientific research is linked more directly to national goals such as economic competitiveness, public health, national security, and environmental protection, among others (Task Force on the Health of Research 1992). Two important considerations should be addressed in the emerging debate. Congressman Brown has focused mainly on the first: given limited budgetary resources and prespecified (albeit somewhat general and therefore vague) national goals, how can we, as a society, best establish scientific and technological research priorities? The second consideration is related to the first. How can scientific research results be disseminated and applied in a way that fosters the achieving of national goals? This consideration is sometimes referred to broadly as "technology transfer."