The Protocol Concerning Pollution from Land-Based Sources and Activities in the Wider Caribbean Region: A Breakthrough for the Caribbean, but How Closely Should Others Follow Their Lead? Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • On October 6, 1999, the Parties to the Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region (Cartagena Convention) adopted the Protocol Concerning Pollution from Land-Based Sources and Activities (LBS Protocol). Some 12 years had elapsed since the Parties first formally resolved to negotiate a protocol to address land-based marine pollution (LBMP), and the LBS Protocol was the first multilateral agreement on the subject to be adopted in 9 years. Of special significance, the LBS Protocol is also the first binding agreement to incorporate the guiding principles and recommended approaches of the "'crowning' soft law" instrument on LBMP, the 1995 Global Programme of Action for Protection of the Marine Environment Against Land-Based Activities (GPA).

publication date

  • 2002