Passive Time Reversal Acoustic Communications Through Shallow-Water Internal Waves Academic Article uri icon


  • During a 12-h period in the 2006 Shallow Water Experiment (SW06), binary phase shift keying (BPSK) signals at the carrier frequencies of 813 and 1627 Hz were propagated over a 19.8-km source–receiver range when a packet of strong internal waves passed through the acoustic track. The communication data are analyzed by time reversal processing followed by a single-channel decision feedback equalizer. Two types of internal wave effects are investigated in the context of acoustic communications. One is the rapid channel fluctuation within 90-s data packets. It can be characterized as decreased channel coherence, which was the result of fast sound-speed perturbations during the internal wave passage. We show its effect on the time reversal receiver performance and apply channel tracking in the receiver to counteract such fluctuation. The other one is the long-term (in the scale of hours) performance degradation in the depressed waveguide when the internal waves passed through the acoustic track. Even with channel tracking, the time reversal receiver experiences average 3–4-dB decrease in the output signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Such long-term performance degradation is explained by the ray approximation in the depressed waveguide.

publication date

  • October 2010