Mandibular organs (MO) produce a crustacean juvenile hormone, methyl farnesoate (MF). MO activity is negatively regulated by factors, called mandibular organ inhibiting hormones (MOIHs), from the crustacean sinus gland X-organ complex in the eyestalks. Three MOIHs have been isolated previously from the spider crab Libinia emarginata and are characterized as members of the crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) neuropeptide family. In the research reported here, a full length cDNA sequence of 972 bp of a MOIH was isolated by screening a cDNA library constructed from the eyestalks of Libinia emarginata. This cDNA sequence encodes a preprohormone peptide with 137 amino acid residues, including a 26-amino acid long signal peptide, a 34-amino acid long precursor peptide, a dibasic peptide, the full length of 72-amino acid long MOIH, and a tri-peptide Gly-Lys-Lys which designates the potential amidation site at the C-terminus of the mature peptide.