Axotomy-induced changes in cell structure and membrane excitability are sustained in a vertebrate central neuron. Academic Article uri icon


  • The retrograde reactions of the goldfish Mauthner neuron to axotomy 8-10 mm caudal to its soma are detectable within a few weeks and persist for more than 200 days. Morphological changes include chromatolysis, reflecting a redistribution of cytoplasmic ribosomes, and infolding of the nuclear membrane. At the time, the normally inexcitable soma-dendritic membrane becomes capable of impulse initiation; this induced excitability also persists for at least 200 days.

publication date

  • November 2, 1981