p150,95 is a member of the leukocyte integrin family of adhesion proteins. Compared with LFA-1 and Mac-1, p150,95 is less well functionally characterized. Although p150,95 has complement receptor activity for iC3b and has been designated complement receptor type 4, transfected cells expressing p150,95 do not bind iC3b-sensitized cells. We report that cells cotransfected with a human p150,95 alpha subunit and a chicken, but not human, beta subunit bind IgM-iC3b-coated erythrocytes, suggesting that interactions between the alpha and beta subunits can regulate p150,95 adhesiveness. Furthermore, purified human p150,95 binds to cell-bound iC3b-coated erythrocytes. Because binding to iC3b by cellular and purified p150,95 is specifically abolished by mAbs that localize to the I domain of p150,95, we suggest that the I domain of the p150,95 alpha subunit is an important ligand recognition site for iC3b.