The severe and moderate phenotypes of heritable Mac-1, LFA-1 deficiency: their quantitative definition and relation to leukocyte dysfunction and clinical features. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • An inherited syndrome characterized by recurrent or progressive necrotic soft-tissue infections, diminished pus formation, impaired wound healing, granulocytosis, and/or delayed umbilical cord severance was recognized in four male and four female patients. As shown with subunit-specific monoclonal antibodies in immunofluorescence flow cytometry and 125I immunoprecipitation techniques, in addition to a NaB3H4-galactose oxidase labeling assay, granulocytes, monocytes, or lymphocytes from these individuals had a "moderate" or "severe" deficiency of Mac-1, LFA-1, or p150,95 (or a combination)--three structurally related "adhesive" surface glycoproteins. Two distinct phenotypes were defined on the basis of the quantity of antigen expressed. Three patients with severe deficiency and four patients with moderate deficiency expressed less than 0.3% and 2.5%-31% of normal amounts of these molecules on granulocyte surfaces, respectively. The severity of clinical infectious complications among these patients was directly related to the degree of glycoprotein deficiency. More profound abnormalities of tissue leukocyte mobilization, granulocyte-directed migration, hyperadherence, phagocytosis of iC3b-opsonized particles, and complement- or antibody-dependent cytotoxicity were found in individuals with severe, as compared with moderate, deficiency. It is proposed that in vivo abnormalities of leukocyte mobilization reflect the critical roles of Mac-1 glycoproteins in adhesive events required for endothelial margination and tissue exudation. The recognition of phenotypic variation among patients with Mac-1, LFA-1 deficiency may be important with respect to therapeutic strategies.

publication date

  • October 1985

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