Natural killer activity in the peritoneal exudates of mice infected with Listeria monocytogenes: characterization of the natural killer cells by using a monoclonal rat anti-murine macrophage antibody (M1/70).
Exudates induced by i.p. injection of five listeria monocytogenes (LM) constituted a rich source of CBA/J murine natural killer (NK) cells. Maximum expression of NK activity was seen from day 2 through day 6 after initial exposure to LM. When nylon wool nonadherent peritoneal exudate cells were examined by a single-cell cytotoxicity assay, the number of cells binding to YAC-1 target cells increased after infection as did their individual lytic capacity. A monoclonal rat anti-murine macrophage antibody (M1/70), previously shown by our group to recognize human NK cells, can also be used as a marker for murine NK cells. Utilizing M1/70 and the fluorescence-activated cell sorter, selection of M1/70-labeled mononuclear cells led to the enrichment of both NK and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. These M1/70-positive cells had a distinctive morphology and contained granules on Wright-Giemsa staining. They were not phagocytic, did not contain nonspecific esterase, and lacked surface I-Ak, IgM determinants, complement receptors, and high levels of Thy 1.2.