Both the integrins LFA-1 and Mac-1 bind to ICAM-1, an immunoglobulin superfamily member. Previously, we localized the binding sites of LFA-1 and the major group of human rhinoviruses to the first NH2-terminal immunoglobulin-like domain of ICAM-1. Here, we show that the binding site on ICAM-1 for Mac-1 is unexpectedly distinct from that for LFA-1 and maps to the third NH2-terminal immunoglobulin-like domain. These findings provide a function for the tandem duplication of immunoglobulin-like domains in ICAM-1 and have implications for other immunoglobulin superfamily members. Mutations at two sites in the third domain that destroy consensus sequences for N-linked glycosylation enhance binding to purified Mac-1. Agents that interfere with carbohydrate processing provide evidence that the size of the N-linked oligosaccharide side chains on ICAM-1 affects binding to Mac-1 but not to LFA-1. Thus, we suggest that the extent of glycosylation on ICAM-1 may regulate adhesion to LFA-1 or Mac-1 in vivo.