Previous work has shown that adhesion of anchorage-dependent cells to fibronectin via integrin alpha 5 beta 1 leads to activation of the Na-H antiporter and a rise in intracellular pH (pHi). We now show that adhesion of bovine capillary endothelial cells (BCE) to fibrinogen; collagens type III, IV, and V; laminin; and vitronectin; ligands that bind other members of the integrin family, resulted in significant elevations in pHi. Other ligands (basic fibroblast growth factor, concanavalin A, and thrombin), which bind cells when immobilized on plastic, but that do not bind integrins and do not support cell growth, do not elevate pHi. Adhesion to an antibody against integrin alpha v beta 3 also elevates pHi. Adhesion of peripheral human T lymphocytes to an antibody against the integrin LFA-1 induced a rise in pHi. Antibodies to CD2 or ICAM-2 had only slight effects on pHi, whereas an antibody to the T cell receptor complex that strongly activates T cells induced a large increase in pHi. We conclude that elevation of pHi by integrins is specific and is a property shared by many members of the integrin family.