Previous studies have shown that two low molecular-weight neurofilament (NF) proteins (NF-60 and NF-70) from the squid Loligo pealei are translated from mRNAs that are splice variants of a single squid NF gene. In this study, we report the isolation and characterization of cDNA clones encoding a high-molecular-weight squid NF protein (NF-220), the mRNA of which derives from the same squid NF gene. All three proteins are identical in their amino-terminal and lamin-like rod domains but differ in their carboxyl-terminal tail regions. In contrast to the short tail domains of NF-60 and NF-70, the NF-220 protein has a longer tail domain containing an acidic cluster of amino acids immediately followed by repeated copies of the sequence motif Lys-Ser-Pro. The Lys-Ser-Pro domain is similar to that of mammalian medium NF (NF-M) and high NF (NF-H) proteins, where the serines are highly phosphorylated. Except for these Lys-Ser-Pro motifs, there is surprisingly little structural similarity between the squid NF-220 protein and mammalian NF-M and NF-H proteins. Furthermore, the location of introns in squid NF-220 protein shows that it is more closely related to nuclear lamins and type III intermediate-filament proteins than to vertebrate NF proteins.