Pin1 [Protein Interacting with NIMA (never in mitosis A)] is a peptidyl prolyl cis-trans isomerase that isomerizes phospho-Serine/Threonine-Proline [p(S/T)-P] motifs of its target proteins. Pin1 functions in concert with proline directed kinases such as cyclin-dependent protein kinases, extracellular signal-regulated kinases, and c-Jun N- terminal kinase, and protein phosphatases such as protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) and PP2B, in the regulation of a wide range of cellular processes including cell division, DNA damage response, and gene transcription, and in susceptibility to cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. This review focuses on the roles of Pin1 in neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and Frontotemporal dementia associated with parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17. Pin1 interacts with neuronal cytoskeletal proteins such as tau, amyloid-beta protein precursor, alpha-synuclein, and neurofilaments, often in association with phosphorylation events that influence their functions in the neuronal cytoskeleton. Overexpression of Pin1 reduces WT tau stability but increases P301L mutant tau stability. Pin1 associates with neurofilament H (NF-H) and modulates excitotoxic and oxidative stress induced perikaryal phosphorylation of NF-H. Pin1 mediates the neural specific apoptosis machinery. The specific inhibitors of Pin1 may have potential therapeutic implications in neurodegeneration.