Reelin is a large secreted protein that controls cortical layering by signaling through the very low density lipoprotein receptor and apolipoprotein E receptor 2, thereby inducing tyrosine phosphorylation of the adaptor protein Disabled-1 (Dab1) and suppressing tau phosphorylation in vivo. Here we show that binding of Reelin to these receptors stimulates phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, resulting in activation of protein kinase B and inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase 3beta. We present genetic evidence that this cascade is dependent on apolipoprotein E receptor 2, very low density lipoprotein receptor, and Dab1. Reelin-signaling components are enriched in axonal growth cones, where tyrosine phosphorylation of Dab1 is increased in response to Reelin. These findings suggest that Reelin-mediated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling in neuronal growth cones contributes to final neuron positioning in the mammalian brain by local modulation of protein kinase B and glycogen synthase kinase 3beta kinase activities.