A novel form of epithelial wound healing of the embryonic epidermis. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The embryonic epidermis of amniotes is a two-cell layer sheet with a periderm positioned superficial to the basal cell layer which, itself, attaches apically to the basal surface of the periderm and basally to the basal lamina. The presence of the periderm is essential to maintain the basal layer as a two-dimensional monolayer. Wounds to the epidermis that remove selectively just the periderm are healed by a stacking of the basal layer cells that constitute the wound bed. Basal cell stacking involves the desertion of the basal lamina by many of the cells so as to increase their contact area with other basal layer cells. This suggests that a preferential adhesion to the planar basal lamina is not important for the monolayered organization of the basal layer but, instead, association with inner surface of the planar periderm is the principal process that maintains the basal layer as a monolayer. The conversion of the basal layer from monolayer to multilayer during wound healing diminishes its planar area, resulting in movement of the wound borders toward the center of the wound. This is a novel scenario for wound healing.

publication date

  • August 1, 2006