Obtaining Xenopus laevis Eggs. uri icon


  • Nearly a century ago, studies by Lancelot Hogben and others demonstrated that ovulation in female Xenopus laevis can be induced via injection of mammalian gonadotropins into the dorsal lymph sac, allowing for egg production throughout the year independent of the normal reproductive cycles. Hormonally induced females are capable of producing thousands of eggs in a single spawning, which can then be fertilized to generate embryos or used as a substrate for generation of egg extracts. The protocol for induction of ovulation and subsequent egg collection is straightforward and robust, yet some of its details may vary among laboratories based on prior training, availability of necessary reagents, or the experimental objectives. As the goal of this protocol is not to describe every single variation possible for acquiring eggs but to provide a simple and clear description that can be easily applied by researchers with no prior working experience with X. laevis, we focus on describing the method we use at the National Xenopus Resource-that is, inducing ovulation in X. laevis via dorsal lymph sac injection of gonadotropic hormones and the stimulation of egg laying through application of gentle pressure to the females.

publication date

  • December 3, 2020