To be activated by cell surface G protein-coupled receptors, heterotrimeric G proteins must localize at the cytoplasmic surface of plasma membranes. Moreover, some G protein subunits are able to traffic reversibly from the plasma membrane to intracellular locations upon activation. This current topic will highlight new insights into how nascent G protein subunits are assembled and how they arrive at plasma membranes. In addition, recent reports have increased our knowledge of activation-induced trafficking of G proteins. Understanding G protein assembly and trafficking will lead to a greater understanding of novel ways that cells regulate G protein signaling.