The mechanism of dynein motility: insight from crystal structures of the motor domain. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Dynein is a large cytoskeletal motor protein that belongs to the AAA+ (ATPases associated with diverse cellular activities) superfamily. While dynein has had a rich history of cellular research, its molecular mechanism of motility remains poorly understood. Here we describe recent X-ray crystallographic studies that reveal the architecture of dynein's catalytic ring, mechanical linker element, and microtubule binding domain. This structural information has given rise to new hypotheses on how the dynein motor domain might change its conformation in order to produce motility along microtubules.

publication date

  • January 2012