Gadd45a, Gadd45b and Gadd45g expression during mouse embryonic development. uri icon

abstract

  • Gadd45 proteins have been implicated in the cellular response to physiological or environmental stress and the accompanying cell cycle arrest, DNA repair, cell survival and senescence or apoptosis. Although their molecular function is well studied, the expression and role of Gadd45 genes during embryonic development in mice is largely unknown. Here we provide a comprehensive comparison of Gadd45a, Gadd45b and Gadd45g expression during mouse embryonic development. In situ hybridizations on sectioned and whole mouse embryos show most prominent Gadd45a expression in the tip of the closing neural tube, the cranial and dorsal root ganglia and the somites. Mouse Gadd45b is expressed strongly in the chorion, but only weakly in the embryo proper, including somites and limb buds. Murine Gadd45g expression strongly resembles Xenopus and medaka fish expression in primary neuron precursors and post-mitotic neurons, indicating a conserved role for Gadd45g in vertebrate neurogenesis. Additionally, Gadd45 genes show conserved expression during somitogenesis. In summary, Gadd45 genes are expressed in evolutionary conserved, but also divergent domains, which predominantly encompass areas of cell differentiation, consistent with their established function in growth arrest and DNA demethylation.

publication date

  • December 2011