Aberrant RNA splicing is the major pathogenic effect in a knock-in mouse model of the dominantly inherited c.1430A>G human RPE65 mutation. uri icon

abstract

  • Human RPE65 mutations cause a spectrum of retinal dystrophies that result in blindness. While RPE65 mutations have been almost invariably recessively inherited, a c.1430A>G (p.(D477G)) mutation has been reported to cause autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (adRP). To study the pathogenesis of this human mutation, we have replicated the mutation in a knock-in (KI) mouse model using CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing. Significantly, in contrast to human patients, heterozygous KI mice do not exhibit any phenotypes in visual function tests. When raised in regular vivarium conditions, homozygous KI mice display relatively undisturbed visual functions with minimal retinal structural changes. However, KI/KI mouse retinae are more sensitive to light exposure and exhibit signs of degenerative features when subjected to light stress. We find that instead of merely producing a missense mutant protein, the A>G nucleotide substitution greatly affects appropriate splicing of Rpe65 mRNA by generating an ectopic splice site in comparable context to the canonical one, thereby disrupting RPE65 protein expression. Similar splicing defects were also confirmed for the human RPE65 c.1430G mutant in an in vitro Exontrap assay. Our data demonstrate that a splicing defect is associated with c.1430G pathogenesis, and therefore provide insights in the therapeutic strategy for human patients.

publication date

  • April 2019