Although the cyclic nucleotide-modulated potassium channel from Mesorhizobium loti, MlotiK1, is easily studied using a 86Rb+ flux assay, its comparatively low activity raises serious concerns about the integrity of the purified protein. We investigated the pathway of uptake using a multi-pronged approach. First, we probed the conduction pathway using quaternary ammonium compounds known to block conduction in eukaryotic K+ channels. Second, we examined the effect of chemical modification of putative pore-lining residues. Our results are consistent with ions traversing MlotiK1 along a conduction pathway like that of the eukaryotic channels, but at a much slower rate.