ATP Synthase C-Subunit-Deficient Mitochondria Have a Small Cyclosporine A-Sensitive Channel, but Lack the Permeability Transition Pore. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Permeability transition (PT) is an increase in mitochondrial inner membrane permeability that can lead to a disruption of mitochondrial function and cell death. PT is responsible for tissue damage in stroke and myocardial infarction. It is caused by the opening of a large conductance (?1.5¬†nS) channel, the mitochondrial PT pore (mPTP). We directly tested the role of the c-subunit of ATP synthase in mPTP¬†formation by measuring channel activity in c-subunit knockout mitochondria. We found that the classic mPTP conductance was lacking in c-subunit knockout mitochondria, but channels sensitive to the PT inhibitor cyclosporine A could be recorded. These channels had a significantly lower conductance compared with the cyclosporine A-sensitive channels detected in parental cells and were sensitive to the ATP/ADP translocase inhibitor bongkrekic acid. We propose that, in the absence of the c-subunit, mPTP cannot be formed, and a distinct cyclosporine A-sensitive low-conductance channel emerges.

publication date

  • January 2, 2019