MICROTUBULE ORGANIZATION 1 encodes a microtubule-associated protein in Arabidopsis thaliana but different alleles have contradictory phenotypes. The original mutant mor1 alleles were reported to have disrupted cortical microtubules, swollen organs and normal cytokinesis, whereas other alleles, embryo-lethal gemini pollen 1 (gem1), have defective pollen cytokinesis. To determine whether MOR1 functions generally in cytokinesis, we examined the ultrastructure of cell division in roots of the original mor1-1 allele. Cell plates are misaligned, branched and meandering; the forming cell plates remain partly vesicular, with electron-dense or lamellar content. Phragmoplast microtubules are abundant but organized aberrantly. Thus, MOR1 functions in both phragmoplast and cortical arrays.