The experimental details for a high-throughput microarray-based screening technique for both detecting and mapping Tn5 insertion mutants in parallel within a library are presented. Following Tn5 mutagenesis, viable mutants are pooled and grown competitively under selective conditions. Chromosomal DNA is then isolated from each mutant pool. Biotin-labeled run-off in vitro RNA transcripts, representing the neighboring chromosomal DNA for each insertion remaining in the population, are generated using T7 promoters located at the ends of the transposon. Custom-designed, whole-genome oligonucleotide microarrays are used to analyze the labeled RNA transcripts and to detect each mutant in the library. Microarray data comparisons for each growth condition allow the identification of mutants that failed to survive the imposed growth selection. In addition, due to the density of the microarrays the genomic locations of the individual transposon insertions within each library can be identified to within 50 base pairs. Details for the in vivo Tn5 mutagenesis procedure, mutant library construction and competitive outgrowth, T7 in vitro transcription/labeling, and microarray data analysis will be provided.