ZYG-1 promotes limited centriole amplification in the C. elegans seam lineage. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Genome stability relies notably on the integrity of centrosomes and on the mitotic spindle they organize. Structural and numerical centrosome aberrations are frequently observed in human cancer, and there is increasing evidence that centrosome amplification can promote tumorigenesis. Here, we use C. elegans seam cells as a model system to analyze centrosome homeostasis in the context of a stereotyped stem like lineage. We found that overexpression of the Plk4-related kinase ZYG-1 leads to the formation of one supernumerary centriolar focus per parental centriole during the cell cycle that leads to the sole symmetric division in the seam lineage. In the following cell cycle, such supernumerary foci function as microtubule organizing centers, but do not cluster during mitosis, resulting in the formation of a multipolar spindle and then aneuploid daughter cells. Intriguingly, we found also that supernumerary centriolar foci do not assemble in the asymmetric cell divisions that precedes or that follows the symmetric seam cell division, despite the similar presence of GFP::ZYG-1. Furthermore, we established that supernumerary centrioles form earlier during development in animals depleted of the heterochronic gene lin-14, in which the symmetric division is precocious. Conversely, supernumerary centrioles are essentially not observed in animals depleted of lin-28, in which the symmetric division is lacking. These findings lead us to conclude that ZYG-1 promotes limited centriole amplification solely during the symmetric division in the C. elegans seam lineage.

publication date

  • February 15, 2018