Using a total tRNA population labeled with 32P, we have cloned a number of tRNA genes from Dictyostelium discoideum. A partial sequence of a cloned 1250-base-pair DNA insert, pDT-513, revealed the occurrence of a putative tRNATrp gene. In addition to the cloverleaf secondary structure, the tRNATrp gene contained all of the invariant and semiinvariant residues found in most tRNA sequences and has a 13-base-pair intron which is located one base removed from the 3' residue of the anticodon. The genomic distribution of the tRNA gene and its flanking sequences was examined via Southern annealing experiments. The structural gene is represented on at least six EcoRI fragments in the D. discoideum genome. Sequences flanking the 5' terminus of the cloned gene are repeated many times in the genome while the sequence flanking the 3' terminus of the pDT-513 DNA insert structural tRNA gene is present only once in the genome.