Organelle origins: energy-producing symbionts in early eukaryotes?. Academic Article uri icon


  • The discovery that Trichomonas vaginalis, an early diverging protist that lacks mitochondria but has energy-producing hydrogenosomes, makes bacterial-like heat shock proteins suggests that symbionts ancestral to mitochondria and hydrogenosomes were present at early stages of eukaryote evolution.

publication date

  • May 1, 1997