History assignment: when was the mitochondrion founded? Academic Article uri icon


  • The near simultaneous radiation of the major eukaryotic evolutionary assemblages-plants, animals, fungi, and at least three other complex protist assemblages worthy of 'kingdom level' status-was preceded by the divergence of many independent protist lineages. The earliest branches are represented by organisms that do not contain mitochondria or plastids, suggesting that the primitive eukaryotic state did not include these organelles. New information about nuclear-coded proteins that localize in the mitochondrion, however, suggests that the ancestral symbionts for mitochondria were present in the first eukaryotes. Phylogenetic support for this hypothesis is persuasive but it is not possible to account for the relative times of divergence for mitochondria and their ancestral symbionts relative to eukaryotic branching patterns inferred from nuclear genes.

publication date

  • December 1997