Nucleosomal composition at the centromere: a numbers game. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The Centromere is a unique chromosomal locus where the kinetochore is formed to mediate faithful chromosome partitioning, thus maintaining ploidy during cell division. Centromere identity is inherited via an epigenetic mechanism involving a histone H3 variant, called centromere protein A (CENP-A) which replaces H3 in centromeric chromatin. In spite of extensive efforts in field of centromere biology during the past decade, controversy persists over the structural nature of the CENP-A-containing epigenetic mark, both at nucleosomal and chromatin levels. Here, we review recent findings and hypotheses regarding the structure of CENP-A-containing complexes.

publication date

  • March 2013