Dendrites are covered with conductances whose function is still mysterious. Using intracellular recording and calcium imaging, we describe an electrogenic band of calcium channels in distal apical dendrites of layer 5 pyramidal neurons (Yuste et al., 1994). We now explore the functional consequences of this distal electrogenic area with multicompartmental numerical simulations. A calcium imaging and electrophysiological database from a single neuron, recorded under blocked sodium and potassium conductances, is replicated by simulations having increased dendritic calcium current. In these models a significant axial current flows from the apical dendrite into the somatic region, activating low-threshold calcium channels and generating oscillations similar to those seen in the electrophysiological data. We propose that the distal electrogenic area in apical dendrites serves to inject current into the soma and produce intrinsic oscillatory dynamics.