Induction of somatostatin immunoreactivity in cultured ciliary ganglion neurons by activin in choroid cell-conditioned medium. Academic Article uri icon


  • We have previously shown that the expression of somatostatin-like immunoreactivity in cultured ciliary ganglion neurons is stimulated by a macromolecule found in choroid cell-conditioned medium (ChCM). Here, we present the following evidence that this somatostatin-stimulating activity (SSA) is activin: human recombinant activin induces somatostatin-like immunoreactivity in CG neurons; ChCM induces hemoglobin synthesis in K562 cells, a biological activity characteristic of activin; activin A-specific antibodies recognize a protein in ChCM; cultured choroid cells contain activin RNA; and SSA is inhibited by follistatin, a specific activin-binding protein. Thus, activin is likely to be a neurodifferentiation factor for CG neurons in vivo.

publication date

  • May 1993

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