Monoclonal antibody (MAb) 1-12-3 generated against liver cytochrome P-450E (P-450E), an aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase of the marine fish Stenotomus chrysops (scup), reacted only with P-450E when tested in immunoblot analysis with five P-450 fractions from scup liver. This and six other MAbs against P-450E recognized purified P-450E, as well as a single band in beta-naphthoflavone (BNF)-induced scup microsomes that comigrated with authentic P-450E. Like MAb 1-12-3, polyclonal anti-P-450E reacted with P-450E but not with other scup P-450 fractions and reacted strongly with a band coincident to P-450E in BNF-treated scup microsomes. However, the polyclonal antibody (PAb) also faintly recognized additional microsomal proteins. MAb 1-12-3 recognized P-450E induced by 3,3',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl and by polychlorinated biphenyl mixtures in scup, and a single band induced by BNF or 3-methylcholanthrene (MC) in microsomes of other teleosts, including two trout species, killifish and winter flounder. The content of the P-450E counterpart in these fish and also in untreated scup coincided with induced ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) activity. Induced EROD activity in scup and trout was strongly inhibited by MAb 1-12-3, further demonstrating the relationship between P-450E and induced P-450E in trout. MAb 1-12-3, two other MAbs, and anti-P-450E PAb recognized a band comigrating with P-450c in BNF-induced rat microsomes. MAb 1-12-3 also recognized purified rat P-450c. MAb 1-12-3 and anti-P-450E PAb recognized a second band of lower molecular weight than P-450c in BNF rat microsomes which may correspond to P-450d, the MC- and isosafrole-inducible rat isozyme. The results firmly establish the identity of scup P-450E, the relationship of BNF-induced P-450 in other teleosts with P-450E, and the immunochemical relationship of P-450E with rat P-450c. Furthermore, results with untreated fish suggest that effects of environmental chemicals may be detected by immunoblotting with monoclonal anti-P-450E.