Natural nanowires (NWs) of cellulose obtained from a marine animal tunicate display surprisingly high uniformity and aspect ratio comparable with synthetic NWs. Their layer-by-layer assembled (LBL) films show strong antireflection (AR) properties having an origin in a novel highly porous architecture reminiscent of a "flattened matchsticks pile", with film-thickness-dependent porosity and optical properties created by randomly oriented and overlapping NWs. At an optimum number of LBL deposition cycles, light transmittance reaches nearly 100% (lambda approximately 400 nm) when deposited on a microscope glass slide and the refractive index is approximately 1.28 at lambda = 532 nm. In accordance with AR theory, the transmittance maximum red-shifts and begins to decrease after reaching the maximum with increasing film thickness as a result of increased light scattering. This first example of LBL layers of cellulose NWs can be seen as an exemplary structure for any rigid axial nanocolloids, for which, given the refractive index match, AR properties are expected to be a common property. Unique mechanical properties of the tunicate NWs are also a great asset for optical coatings.