Retinoids and their targets in vertebrate development. Academic Article uri icon


  • The elaboration of the effect of retinoic acid on limb morphogenesis has prompted renewed investigation into the teratology of retinoic acid treatment, with the hope that such analysis might give insight into mechanisms of vertebrate patterning. Retinoids, their nuclear receptors and their cytoplasmic binding proteins are now known to be deployed throughout development, but the extent to which they are natural agents of morphogenesis remains obscure. The study of retinoic acid receptors may offer molecular insight into gene regulation underlying vertebrate pattern formation.

publication date

  • December 1991