The absence and application of stable carbon isotopic fractionation during the reductive dechlorination of polychlorinated biphenyls. Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • A bacterial enrichment culture (specific to doubly flanked chlorine removal) reductively dechlorinated 2,3,4,5-tetrachlorobiphenyl (2,3,4,5-CB) to 2,3,5-trichlorobiphenyl (2,3,5-CB) in aqueous media. Approximately 90% conversion to 2,3,5-CB occurred after 90 days, with no other products formed. The delta13C values of 2,3,4,5-CB and 2,3,5-CB were relatively constant over the course of the reaction, indicating a very small or no isotope effect. In addition, compound-specific delta13C analysis performed for every congener in three different lots of Aroclor 1268 showed an intrinsic isotopic trend of decreasing 13C abundance with increasing chlorine content, similar to observations in other commercial mixtures of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). The results of this laboratory study suggest that microbial reductive dechlorination of PCBs in contaminated sediments will create congeners with more depleted delta13C values than native PCBs of similar chlorination. Such information may provide additional evidence for the occurrence of this process and aid in further understanding the biogeochemistry of these compounds.

publication date

  • August 15, 2001